Synopsis of an ancient destruction
Collapses and ancient destructions of civilizations are historically blamed on conquest, stagnating bureaucracy and other causes essentially led by human hands. This article firmly blames the chaotic blends of nature Conquest and ineptitude were essentially side effects of the uncontrollable wrath of nature .A nature that was far more virulent than is seen in recent times.This example of the Early Bronze Age is but one in a series that decimated mankind.
The Catastrophic End of the Early Bronze Age
Testimonials from respected archaeologists Kathryn Kenyon, Ernest Wright, Claude Schaeffer, John Garstung, Paolo Matthiae ,Carl Blegen’s, Michael Rice
The sudden and dramatic collapse of the Early Bronze Age civilizations, around 3200 B.C., has puzzled many an Archaeologist. Highly respected academics such as Kathryn Kenyon and John Garstung have wondered over these unexplained phenomena. The consensus of academic opinion notes not only was it sudden and dramatic but that it was widespread in it’s geography, spreading from Europe, across Asia Minor to the Indus valley and beyond to China. There seems a high probability the Americas were involved.
Before we proceed I think it essential to review some of the academic opinions on the subject from the professional Archaeologist to the scientific investigator. Then I believe it constructive to find out what happened and what caused these events. In particular I would like to examine how much may have been caused by mankind’s misadventures (e.g. War, environmental misuse, religious fervour and weak leadership) and what proportion can we allot to events largely out of our control (e.g. Disease, famine, flood, climate, tectonic disturbance and cosmic events)
Fossils did not go unnoticed in human societies that Victorian scholars once disdainfully labelled “brutes”, “savages” and “primitives”. With renewed vigour, today”s geomythologists explore the ideas traditional cultures harboured regarding the nature and the origin of bones and stones they encountered on the surface, embedded in rock, or anywhere else.
The American classicist, Adrienne Mayor, has documented that the first nations of the Americas, just like the Greeks and Romans, recognised that fossils were the remnants of creatures that lived in previous eras and, in many cases, did not die a natural death. Intriguingly, pre-modern fossil lore does not stop there, but often identifies the extinct life forms with a mythical race of beings that dwelled in the sky before its extermination during a cataclysmic, lightning-charged battle, or a world-engulfing fire or deluge. Though compelling parallels have been adduced, scholars have not yet documented the global extent of such ideas. One case that has so far eluded discussion in this context is the local mythology surrounding the bones found in the vicinity of Lake Eyre, in the Tirari Desert of northern South Australia. The species represented here are predominantly those of vertebrate animals associated with the Tertiary age.
Emil Kintalakadi, a member of the Tirari nation, east of Lake Eyre, ±1901
According to current theory (e.g. Leakey) Homo erectus emerged in Africa some 1.7 million years ago. By 1 million years ago he was the only Hominid species on earth. It was Homo erectus who modern archaeologists claim first migrated out of Africa and support for this theory comes from fossil and tool evidence in Georgia, Java and China. From this initial migration, many claim, the Neanderthals developed. Consensus places their lifespan as a species from 230,000 to 35,000 years B.P. However rival theories compete as to the development of modern man.
Both camps (though not all Archaeologists) accept the initial migration out of Africa some 1 million years ago of Homo Erectus. However some argue that further migrations of anatomically modern humans (Homo Sapiens) occurred around 100,000 years ago and replaced all others stocks including the Neanderthals. This is the population replacement model as against the regional continuity proposal which argues that modern humans evolved semi independently in parts of the world from various ancients .Thus Neanderthal in Europe, Homo erectus in China and Java. Did these people evolve into moderns or were they an evolutionary dead end, as population replacement would argue?
Neanderthal man with a larger brain