Google a map of Australia and Indonesia! Between Indonesia’s Bali and neighbouring island Lombok is a slim ten mile sea channel! This is the start of the thousands mile long Wallace line. It is not only a dividing geological etching beneath the sea. It is also a biological division! On one side roam bouncing Kangaroos and Platypus! On the other man eating Tigers!
South is Australia. North the Philippines and India. Remarkably, this extends to both plant, fish and animal species. From sulphur crested Cockatoo on one side of the Wallace line, to Indonesian finches just across the sea channel. From fire prone Gum trees to exotic tropical rain forest Teak and Ebony. Even beneath the sea, in an area separated by a mere ten miles, this incredible separation of fish life stares you in the face! From Australasia to the Antarctic lies a unique zone of flora and fauna !
The second curiosity, following on from Antarctica – what’s under the ice cap? Part 1, comes from the lost squadron of Second World War.
Lockheed Lightnings were abandoned in Greenland in 1942. Fifty one years later Patrick Epps reclaimed them 250 feet under the ice cap! But this very feat revealed that the layers of ice were not annual, as is presumed by modern science.
Each layer was a reflection of ice melt boundaries after each storm. Ice core studies from GISP, Camp David, Vostok and all others, rely on the paradigm of one layer equals one year. All isotopic and chemical analysis assumes this fundamental delineation.
The revealing quote comes from expedition organiser Richard Epps. He puzzlingly remarked
Who told you one layer equals one year. We dug down through fifty years of time and found thousands of layers in 250 feet.
Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth. The Katabotic winds howl around it’s gale thrashed coast. But once its green valley’s were filled with thriving Glossopteris Pine and Beach forests. How do we know this?
“Scott of the Antarctic” was the first to discover tell tale fossils on the Beardmore Glacier in 1912. Since then Petrified tree stumps and leaves, bones of dinosaurs, marsupials and fossil rich coal has been discovered in its, now, hostile environment.
According to classic geology, this previous lush age thrived millions of years ago in the
Permian age. The shifting Antarctic continent, inexorably plodding at millimetres per year, gradually moved into icy hibernation. The flora and fauna were iced over, slowly fossilized and left to slumber. Just as in Greenland and Canada with their fossil forests!
Antarctica desert but 3KM thick ice sheet?
But wait! This formation of a three kilometre thick ice sheet is no meagre feat. Antarctica contains ninety percent of the world’s ice, yet some of Antarctica’s valleys are the driest places on earth. Antarctica is technically considered a desert.
Incredibly little snow falls in the interior (five centimetres per year rain equivalent) where the ice sheet is considerably thicker. Katabotic snow storms reside only on the coast where the thinner ice. Contradiction? Nevertheless, classic Geologists argue that, eons of time can explain away these ice sheet anomalies.
Antarctica covers an area of almost 14 million square km and contains 30 million cubic km of ice. Around 90 percent of the fresh water on the Earth’s surface is held in the ice sheet, an amount equivalent to 70 m of water in the world’s oceans. In East Antarctica, the ice sheet rests on a major land mass, but in West Antarctica the bed can extend to more than 2500m below sea level. The land would be seabed if the ice sheet were not there. Ice enters the sheet through snow and frost and leaves by calving of icebergs and melting, usually at the base but also sometimes at the surface
What If All the Ice Melts? Myths and Realities
by Wm Robert Johnston
“If we keep using cars, the ice caps will melt and we’ll all drown!” This is a myth, just as false as fearing the Sun will die as a result of using solar power. However, as often as I hear it – particularly from people who should know better – I thought I would address it here. First, here is a summary of the facts: Despite what you may have been told, it has NOT been proven that human-caused global warming is occurring, and in fact there is substantial reason to reject such claims.