The Jurassic Coast Ammonites look like a squid with a shell. Palaeontologists, all knowingly claim they lived from 400 million until 66 million years ago and use their presence in boundary layers to determine geological age. They are now totally extinct! But what was the tool of their mass extinction and what petrified and fossilized their numerous remains?
We went down to the old fishing port of Lyme Regis in Southern England to dig into the theories used as explanations for their demise. This “Jurassic Coast” is renowned as a fossil collectors paradise. But the questions that leap at you as you study the acres of buried fossils is more exciting than the intricate appeal of the Nautilus shaped shells! How on earth did millions of living squid like marine creatures get submerged in limestone rock? And they are plainly visible, glaring up at you, from within this beachy rock plateau.
They have been mysteriously turned from watery marine bodies to rock. And they are incredibly encased in limestone in the act of swimming. In other parts of the world they have been transformed into opals or in other cases petrified into flint hard rock.
Sectioning of the Ammonite fossils reveals the organs in minute preserved detail. How did these watery bodies transmutate to rock? It certainly must of been an instantaneous process for what dies is quickly recycled biotically, unless some geological intervention occurs. And this intervention that fossilizes is almost always connected to the cause of death.
What tool of nature processed these once watery marine Ammonites? We have a powerful clue. Eric Milton describes his examination of a petrified tree trunk (essentially water and Carbon) in Alberta, Canada!
“The piece was pure clear silica inside, it was coated with a rougher opaque crust of partially fused sand. The tree, whose stump was petrified, was alive five years ago! After the tree was cut down to accommodate the right of way for a new power transmission line, an accidental break allowed the live high-voltage wire to contact several tree stumps still in the ground. The power was cut off within hours of the break. All of the tree roots which contacted the broken wire were fossilized.”
Obviously, extremes of electricity can metamorphose matter quickly.
But much as we can stretch our credibility to explain fossilization and petrification of watery living animals there is a bigger question. What about the medium these very animals are preserved in? At Hot Springs, South Dakota, the Mammoths and many other biotica are found immersed in micro layers of limestone. As palaeontologist Dr Larry Agenbroad explained to me, the mammoths themselves are barely distinguishable from the medium they are immersed in.
But this micro layers permeate down the entire 100 foot deep mass of this volumetric disaster. If this was an electric Plasma discharge event how did it cause this amazing layering instantaneously? It is plain no deposition of layers were involved otherwise the animals would of biologically deteriorated before being buried by the micro layers of limestone. This is still an unanswered question. Nevertheless rapid burial was a prerequisite to preservation!
Back to the Jurassic coast Ammonites and a similar case study exists. These marine creatures of all sizes,(up to 5 foot across) were buried instantaneously in a calcium medium(limestone – calcium carbonate). It is then we begin to speculate could the medium in which the fossils were originally found become subject to the same transformation process as the fossils themselves? Could plasma discharge change water into limestone? Big question with only speculation as the answer. But let’s go through the chemistry.
H2O or water is two elements, hydrogen and oxygen with 10 protons. Calcium,( the basic stuff of limestone ) has a proton count ( atomic number) of 20. This is twice that of water. All that is theoretically needed to convert water to Calcium is an abundance of Neutrons. Lightning discharge is recorded as producing an abundance of Neutrons. Feasible? Yes. Possible? Maybe. But certainly a trail to be investigated.
Transmutation by plasma discharge events and or plasmoid production from cosmic events is a pioneering field waiting and ready to unravel geological upheavals.
Peter Mungo Jupp