Piri Reis map of Antarctica – Antarctica ice free!

In 1929, a group of historians found an amazing map drawn on a gazelle skin. Research showed that it was a genuine document drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis, a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century. His passion was cartography.

Piri Reis high rank within the Turkish navy allowed him to have a privileged access to the Imperial Library of Constantinople. The Turkish admiral admits, in a series of notes on the map, that he compiled and copied the data from a large number of source maps, some of which dated back to the fourth century BC or earlier.

Piri Reis map of Antarctica

Piri Reis map of Antarctica

(Also read the Oronteus Finaeus map Antarctica ice free! article related to this)

The Controversy – the Piri Reis map of Antarctica

The Piri Reis map shows the western coast of Africa, the eastern coast of South America, and the northern coast of Antarctica ice free. The northern coastline of Antarctica is perfectly detailed. The most puzzling however is not so much how the Piri Reis Antarctica map managed to so accurate 300 years before it was discovered, but that the map shows the real coastline under the ice. Geological evidence confirms that the latest date Queen Maud Land could have been charted in an ice-free state is 4000 BC.

On 6th July 1960 the U. S. Air Force responded to Prof. Charles H. Hapgood of Keene College, specifically to his request for an evaluation of the ancient Piri Reis Map:

TO: Prof Charles H. Hapgood, Keene College

Dear Professor Hapgood,

Your request of evaluation of certain unusual features of the Piri Reis Antarctica map of 1513 by this organization has been reviewed.. The claim that the lower part of the map portrays the Princess Martha Coast of Queen Maud Land, Antarctic, and the Palmer Peninsular, is reasonable. We find that this is the most logical and in all probability the correct interpretation of the map. The geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice-cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949.This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap. This part of Antarctica ice free. The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick. We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513.

Harold Z. Ohlmeyer Lt. Colonel, USAF Commander

The official science has been saying all along that the ice-cap which covers the Antarctic is million years old. The Piri Reis Antarctica map shows that the northern part of that continent has been mapped before the ice did cover it. That should make us think it has been mapped million years ago, but that’s impossible since mankind did not exist at that time. Further and more accurate studies have proven that the last period of ice-free condition in the Antarctic ended about 6000 years ago. There are still doubts about the beginning of this ice-free period, which has been put by different researchers everywhere between year 13000 and 9000 BC. The question is: Who mapped the Queen Maud Land of Antarctic 6000 years ago? Which unknown civilization had the technology or the need to do that?

It is well-known that the first civilization, according to the traditional history, developed in the mid-east around year 3000 BC, soon to be followed within a millennium by the Indus valley and the Chinese ones. So, accordingly, none of the known civilizations could have done such a job. Who was here 4000 years BC, being able to do things that NOW are possible with the modern technologies? All through the Middle Ages there were a number of sailing charts called “portolani” circulating, which were accurate maps of the most common sailing routes showing coastlines, harbor’s, straits, bays, etc. Most of those portolani focused on the Mediterranean and the Aegean seas, and other known routes, just like the sailing book which Piri Reis himself had written. But a few reported of still unknown lands, and were circulating among a few sailors who seemingly kept their knowledge about those special maps as hidden as they could. Columbus is supposed to have been one of those who knew these special sailing charts. To draw the Piri Reis Antarctica map he used several different sources, collected here and there along his journeys. He has written his own notes on the map that give us a picture of the work he had been doing. He says he had been not responsible for the original surveying and cartography. His role was merely that of a compiler who used a large number of source-maps. He says then that some of the source-maps had been drawn by contemporary sailors, while others were instead charts of great antiquity, dating back up to the 4th century BC or earlier.

Piri Reis map of antarctica ice free

Piri Reis map of antarctica ice free

Dr Charles Hapgood, in his book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings (Turnstone books, London 1979, preface), said that: It appears that accurate information has been passed down from people to people. It appears that the charts must have originated with a people unknown and they were passed on, perhaps by the Minoans and the Phoenicians, who were, for a thousand years and more, the greatest sailors of the ancient world. We have evidence that they were collected and studied in the great library of Alexandria (Egypt) and the compilations of them were made by the geographers who worked there. Piri Reis had probably come into possession of charts once located in the Library of Alexandria, the well-known most important library of the ancient times.

According to Hapgood’s reconstruction, copies of these documents and some of the original source charts were transferred to other centres of learning, and among them to Constantinople. Then in 1204, year of the fourth crusade, when the Venetians entered Constantinople, those maps begun to circulate among the European sailors. Most of these maps – Hapgood goes on – were of the Mediterranean and the Black sea. But maps of other areas survived. These included maps of the Americas and maps of the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. It becomes clear that the ancient voyagers traveled from pole to pole. Unbelievable as it may appear, the evidence nevertheless indicates that some ancient people explored Antarctic when its coasts were free of ice. It is clear too, that they had an instrument of navigation for accurately determining the longitudes that was far superior to anything possessed by the peoples of ancient, medieval or modern times until the second half of the 18th century. This evidence of a lost technology will support and give credence to many of the other hypothesis that have been brought forward of a lost civilization in remote times. Scholars have been able to dismiss most of those evidences as mere myth, but here we have evidence that cannot be dismissed. The evidence requires that all the other evidences that have been brought forward in the past should be re-examined with an open mind.” (Ibid.)

Piri Reis map of Antarctica

In 1953, a Turkish naval officer sent the Piri Reis map to the U.S. Navy Hydro graphic Bureau. To evaluate it, M.I. Walters, the Chief Engineer of the Bureau, called for help Arlington H. Mallery, an authority on ancient maps, who had previously worked with him. After a long study, Mallery discovered the projection method used. To check out the accuracy of the map, he made a grid and transferred the Piri Reis map onto a globe: the map was totally accurate. He stated that the only way to draw map of such accuracy was the aerial surveying: but who, 6000 years ago, could have used airplanes to map the earth? And this was Antartica ice free. The Hydro graphic Office couldn’t believe what they saw: they were even able to correct some errors in the present days maps! The precision on determining the longitudinal coordinates, on the other hand, shows that to draw the map it was necessary to use the spheroid trigonometry, a process supposedly not know until the middle of 18th century. Hapgood has proved that the Piri Reis map is plotted out in plane geometry, containing latitudes and longitudes at right angles in a traditional “grid”; yet it is obviously copied from an earlier map that was projected using spherical trigonometry! Not only did the early map makers know that the Earth was round, but they had knowledge of its true circumference to within 50 miles!

piri reis map antarctica controversy mystery puzzle

Hapgood had sent his collection of ancient maps (we will see the Piri Reis map was not the only one…) to Richard Strachan, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Hapgood wanted to know exactly the mathematical level needed in order to draw the original source maps. Strachan answered in 1965, saying that the level had to be very high. In fact Strachan said that in order to draw such maps, the authors had to know about the spheroid trigonometry, the curvature of the earth, methods of projection, knowledge that is of a very high level. The way the Piri Reis map shows the Queen Maud land, its coastlines, its rivers, mountain ranges, plateaus, deserts, bays, has been confirmed by a British Swedish expedition to Antarctica (as said by Olhmeyer in his letter to Hapgood); the researchers, using sonar and seismic soundings, indicated that those bays and rivers etc, were underneath the ice-cap, which was about one mile thick. It showed Antarctica ice free.

(Also read the Oronteus Finaeus map Antarctica ice free! article related to this)

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  • Dr.Hans Dieter von Senff

    Human cultural development started, acc. to Michael Hoffman in the Nile Delta some 700.000 years ago (Egypt before the Pharaohs, Dorset Press, USA). According to Manetho, the Egyptians started to count their history some 24.925 years ago.(Manetho,) Therefore, if you deduct 24.925 from 700.000 it gives you 675.075 years for the development of the Egyptian culture, I.e. more than half a million years ago. Ample time,
    to learn and implement ship building, mapping etc. Based on the above and by transliterating Proto-Egyptian scripts, it makes sense, how Australia was mapped long before the so-called “Discovery” by James Cook and explains to the open minded scholar, how ancient Egyptian Glyphs ended up at Kariong, NSW, Australia; because you cannot map an ice free Antarctica without discovering sooner or later Australia.

    • This part of Antarctica ice free. The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick. We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513.

    • And how do we know that mankind didn’t exist millions of years ago? Because, the Royal Academy says so, that’s why.

  • Anonymous

    Could the write of this article please respond with the links to the studies he references that show Antarctica could have been ice free more recently then is traditionally believed? Thanks

  • John Carbines

    Perhaps you might refer to the Wiki site on the Kariong area in NSW (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kariong,_New_South_Wales) where it has been noted that the fairly soft stone where the “Gosford Glyphs” have been inscribed also has genuine aboriginal carvings that are severely eroded after only 250 years. The suggestion is that local politics may have entered this particular arena.

  • baris

    im turk and i know somethink about this map
    orginaly this map had 16 parts we just find it one of 16 and this is not actualy map but photograph taking from space
    second think piri reis explain how he drow that map in hes book kitab-i bahriye
    he sad he drow this map from ancien maps such as alexandre the great9but this alexander not the mekadonian one)that is arabs call zul qarnaina and hes name is in the quran as well acording to quran zulqarnein ruled world from east to west from north to south he had great tecknology and he had 2 horn cap in hes had
    and piri reis sad he had maps from king salomon time as well most of the people knows king salomon had most tecknology and power given by god and he can use animals and demons for him acording to holy books
    wwe turks belive long time ago we had kagan(emperor,ruler)call oghuz kagan u can find hes name in westchina uyghur turkish lands acording to monuments oghuz kagan had 2 horns and he send down to earth by god he ruled the world with justice he wroted knowledge and stories about hes time when the ice age finished turks started to move to west some of them gone to scandinavia call themself vikings innordick mitology they had gods and saviors one of their story son of odin call thor had two horn and he rule the world with justice if u go to west china ull find turkish monuments and pyramids some of them greater than giza pyramid
    some turkish clans move to egypt and they started egyptian culture and they made pyramids and there was a books with them they hide it adn kepp it safely for thousund years when the europeans conquered egypt they destroy alexandria library and took many misteak book and maps with them kolombo was a masonick member and they give him that one of this book and in this book there was a map showing america spain gave him ships and people and with this map he went america when he gone to america he didnt know that he found america he was thinking he came to china and india he does have no clue about maps or navy or geograpick knowledges and he never wrote maps in hes life that show he is not knowledgeble person to find america
    but when u look at piri reis map u find thereis he wrote somethink on the map about colombo but resurchers in turkey find out this leters not come from the piri reis at all but someone deleted orginal writing in this map and put it this leter on it on this writings says i piri reis made this map from the maps come from the colombo
    but when u read piri reis book kitabi bahriye hes explain how he wrote this map he says he find some secret maps come from zulqarnain and salomon time and he sad he wroted this map from this knowledge and colombo find this secret maps from the library of alexandria who steal it and took it into europe s
    sowhat was writen in piri reis map now writed by piri reis but deleaated by someone lse and wroted name of colombo
    and we find out piri reis says that is the only one of 16 part so where is other 15 parts someone steal it and we thinking there must be hiding secrets in other 15 parts

    • BunnyOlesen

      Shut up with your stupid turk quran story! “turks” did not become viking and Egyptians, and you keep talking about turkey but the turkish muslims didn’t take over and steal that land from the Assyrians until 1493! 500 years ago – the people who lived there LONG ago were NOT TURKS. They’re not your ancestors – why do people from Turkey always have the most ridiculous ‘history’ information ever created??? Nationalism!!

  • huw

    the piri reis maps are a gift the `elites` don’t want to give…..its so sad whats happening…..from Syria islamists…irak and even the Smithsonian sinking/overthrowing ancient antiques in the sea…..so sad and nobody notices…… :o(

    • John Sinclair

      More and more people are noticing. You can’t keep using the same script for hundreds of years without it becoming apparent at some point. ;o)

      • NaTosha Evans

        That’s right. God said during the end days, He would reveal the hidden things…thus is just the beginning!

  • normusa

    What makes sense to me is what drives some “scholars” out of their minds. The ice in Antarctica accumulated during the Ice Age (only one) which was caused by the flood of Noah about 2350 BC. All the oceans of the world were very warm top to bottom due to all the geologic activity during the flood. The coasts of both the northern and southern hemispheres were basically ice free due to warm ocean waters. This is why they find wooly mammoths and other animals in Siberia and Alaska coastal areas. The interior continental areas such as Canada, Northern Europe and Antarctica would have built up heavy snow for probably 500 years of constant blizzard. The ancients were quite good and apparently smarter than we are today. They explored and mapped most of the world. There is evidence of mining operations in the NE United States and up into Canada that might be traced back to these people. “Scholars” can’t have any of this history fit the Bible or all the millions of years needed to have godless evolution evaporate. I find you can do good science and believe the historical record of the Bible. All the puzzle pieces fit much better. The flood of Noah was a much bigger catastrophe than many imagine. If you smoothed the earth out like a big marble, the water would be almost 2 miles deep—there is a lot of water here.

  • TeraFlop

    Aren’t all coastlines of Antarctica its northern coastline? Which of the 360 degrees of northern coastline is the one being referred to here?

    • Busdriver Bill

      Yeah, folks do forget that upon this ball of ours, there’s only one direction from the poles.
      Like the old riddle ; “A man walks south ten miles from camp. walks five miles east, kills a bear, and walks ten miles north back to camp. What color was the bear?”

  • KingKeeper

    Tadaaaaaaammmm!!! There is no Antarctica. Just an error, Don’t scratch your heads thinking of why there was no ice down there.
    Or at least that’s my explanation.

  • jon

    Yeah it could of been our first civilazation ever 100 million years ago and when it froze over we had to kill the dinosaurs and take there land.

  • Tory1

    Well, this seems to contradict the global warming theory.

    • weedy454

      global warming scam you mean

    • MartinMN


    • Spoetnik

      Or it confirms it.
      What i think is the likely explanation to things is we are experiencing the usual earth procession as it wobbles back and forth coupled with human and natural global warming causes.
      I think the answer is a combination of factors and not just one.
      You are taking this one single thing out of context and saying it invalidates global warming. It does not.
      It *could actually be confirming it.
      The proof of climate change is varied vs this contradiction.
      Do the math.. 1 sensational story vs a whole lot of evidence.
      They say they have ICE samples dated back roughly a million years ago.
      I believe it vs a piece of paper and an old mans tale.
      Those isotopes from ice cores do not lie.
      But men do.

      • Jaycephus

        They count the rings, but the rings are formed any time there was melt and then a fresh snow. As long as a subsequent melt didn’t melt back through several layers, then you would get MORE than one ring a year. If a melt went down through several rings before beginning to build back up, you would get LESS than one ring a year. Doesn’t sound very reliable or correct.

        Especially in light of us digging a WWII bomber out of a glacier. Bomber landed there about 50 years before being dug out, yet there were many hundreds of ice rings shown as they dug down.

        So then the history of the climate variation based on ice-cores becomes very suspect.

  • Deplorable Me

    Could the Templars have uncovered a map from Solomon which was used in this map’s creation? (Solomon was known to fly around on his “magic carpet.”)

  • Goofus Doofus

    Someone’s knows somethings we don’t know. I believe there are many things we do not know about for various reasons. Not sure I want to know all things, could cause an earthquake in my mind.

  • Busdriver Bill

    And how do we know that mankind didn’t exist millions of years ago? Because, the Royal Academy says so, that’s why.

  • seldmscene

    We were here. We didn’t fly, but there were those that did.

    • kodster

      But those that fly, didn’t come from another star system, which is what they’re trying to get you believe. Nope… the ones that fly are none other than angels, the creation of God the Most High, the Angelic Host. These are the Fallen Ones that had this knowledge to map Antarctica.

      • Mike Girardi

        you actually have that backwards. “angels” were from another star system. to primitive earth life they would have seemed supernatural due to having such a higher level of technology. God and angels were actually visitors from the stars. don’t believe me? Theres plenty of evidence is out there. a good start is to google a book called “The Adam and Eve story” by Dr. Chan Thomas. the CIA seized and classified it before it could goto print, but recently released a “sanitized version” of the original 212 pages only 57 were released under the Freedom of information act. but again google is your friend and you CAN find the full uncensored version of the book. I hope this helps you find the truth and not stay blinded by “faith” .

        • kodster

          Following Satan’s teachings, are you? You don’t have a clue about the Truth. ‘Faith’ comes from understanding the Word of God. And I have seen God’s hand in everything, in the history of the planet, in the affairs of man, as He battles against Satan in a cosmic chess match. You deny Him, so you’re an antichrist. Good day, sir.

          • elizabeth Eva Young

            Are you American, because it was those Satanic Verses and the American people who use the word Satan as you, they do, Satan is actually an ancient Sanskrit word for truth and peace, the Adversary of the Fake Jews, Pharisees and the Luciferians, he who Rebelled against God … Nebuchadnezzar was the Bible Lucifer, then later he was Nimrod. Have you thought WHY Saudi Arabia was chosen by the Nobility to build the Artificial Intelligent city of NEOM, with Robots, the theme of the song Hotel
            C-aliforn-IA is about the age of A I, technology, Smart Phones, iPods, the Tablets etc etc . .

          • kodster

            You, dear, have a twisted understanding of the Word of God. There are many names for the Adversary… the ‘nachash’ of the Bible. Ba’al, Molech, Lucifer are also names interchangeable. Satan is the most commonly known by most of Christians today, so that’s why I used it. There are many names in the Bible that are used interchangeably, as even the Great Tribulation Age is also known as the ‘Day of the Lord’, ‘Jacob’s Trouble’, ‘God’s Wrath’, ‘Daniel’s 70th Week’… but they are all names for the same period of time of 7 years.

            ‘Fake Jews’? The Khazarian belief? You obviously do not understand that there is a 3rd branch of Jews that are authentic Jews. The Khazarians were converts to Judaism, and they are NOT the ones in control of Jerusalem today. Go back to the twins, Esau and Jacob. There is your third branch of Jews who are in control of Israel today… the branch of Edomites… Esau’s descendants. Esau was raised as a Jew, also. He married two Hittite wives. If you don’t know what the Hittites were, a tribe of the Raphaim who worshipped the Adversary as their primary god, then you wouldn’t understand how the Edomites don’t worship God Most High, but ‘Satan’, or as you call him, ‘Lucifer’. The Rothschilds, who went in and bought up all the land from the Arabs that occupied the Levant for pennies on the dollar, at the time of the Balfour Mandate, are Edomite Jews. The Jewish cabal that runs Hollywood, are the ones that established and created Communist states… all Edomite Jews. Do you ever wonder why God states, at least twice in His Word… ‘Esau I hate, but Jacob I have loved’? That’s why. Esau’s descendants are the 13 bloodlines of the Illuminati… from his 13 sons he had with the two Hittite wives. Those descendants are the ones that have pledged to do everything they can to recover the lost birthright that Jacob (who became renamed ‘Israel’) stole from Esau. This is the TRUE narrative of what the Bible is talking about. You’re listening to people who are clueless and following what they have written, instead of reading the Bible for yourself.

          • BunnyOlesen

            Hotel California is about cocaine.

  • Andy AintsofurknHandy

    Why such a mystery?
    The ancient greeks mastered alot of mathematics around 4000 bc, they knew of atoms in a spacial universe back then also (which we’ve only picked back up 6 thousand years later), it seems wars & religion had destroyed most of the data, not much remained after the early middle ages. The thought of keeping maps a secret seems true also.
    So its quite obvious that a technology has dissappeared…