Imagine the yachts of Mornington harbour locked up in meters of thick ice.
Picture our pride and joy, maxi yacht Wild Thing, with its tackle caked in icicles and skipper Grant Warrington clad in fur skins. Imagine yourself down at the Portsea headlands, looking across at the ice blocking the passage of massive container ships trying to get into the once thriving Melbourne Docklands.
‘Impossible!’ you say, but research has shown that just such a scenario probably occurred in Victoria and only a few short centuries ago. What happened?
You’ve never heard of Sodom and Gomorrah? These were two cities of ancient Israel that God’s wrath devastated and buried under the murky salt of today’s Dead Sea. The citizen’s indulged in gambling, drinking and sexual excess. These ancient cities of around 3000 BC were hit with fire and brimstone. In their escape the biblical Lot’s wife was fossilised and turned into a pillar of salt simply because she disobeyed her husband. With her insatiable feminine curiosity she had merely turned to view the city’s annihilation. Are you Cynical? Did this actually occur?
Well today they have actually rediscovered these lost cities under the Dead Sea. But what if I said similar destructions had occurred in Australia? What if I told you that along the Murray near Mildura lies a certain Lake Victoria where the fossilized skeletons of fifteen thousand humans lie scattered? All this happening around the time scale of the unfortunate Sodom and Gomorrah. Where is the truth?
Lake Mungo and Lake Victoria fossils and skeletons
Situated about 100 kilometers west of Sydney in an area called the Wollangambie Wilderness, is what looks like a regular meteor impact crater. Cone shaped, it is roughly 2 kilometers across with a crater in the centre. The walls are around 80 meters high. It is on the local survey maps. Many people hike into the area to see it.
But assumptions can be misleading.
An assumption is basically a best guess in relation to the facts that are available at the time.
Let’s have a look at the facts. For one it is a crater but with a channel cut thru the rampart. It is not volcanic as the cone material is only sandstone with no signs of the basalt, etc. normally associated with magma. While the cone is overgrown you can still see large and small sandstone blocks scattered everywhere.
Now it starts to get interesting.
Wollangambie Crater, Sydney, Australia
Cosmogenic Mega-Tsunami in the Australia region – are they supported by Aboriginal and Maori legends?
Abstract: Mega-tsunami have affected much of the coastline of Australia over the past millennium. Such catastrophic waves have left an imprint consisting predominantly of bedrock sculpturing of the rocky coastline and deposition of marine sediments to elevations reaching 130 m above sea level. One of the largest of these events occurred in eastern Australia in the fifteenth century.
This event may be related to the Mahuika impact crater found at 48.38 S, 166.48 E on the continental shelf 250 km south of New Zealand. A comet at least 500 m in diameter formed the crater. Maori and Aboriginal legends allude to significant cosmogenic events in the region, while Aboriginal legends about tsunami are common along the eastern Australian coast. Evidence for legends that could describe the impact of a cosmogenic tsunami also exists in NW Australia. Here geological evidence of a single mega tsunamis recent as in the seventeenth century covers 1500 km of coastline. We term this event Wandjina after the artwork related to the legends. More attention should be given to oral traditions in searching globally for other sites of significant mega-tsunami.
Mega Tsunami caused by a comet in Australian area
Australian Mega Tsunami field evidence
The challenge was to pursue the sources of this evidence to the ocean and detect the signatures of catastrophic tsunami in the coastal landscape. This landscape is also one subject to some of the most intense tropical storms in the world (Nott 2004) associated with winds in excess of 300 km hr21 and storm surges of 3.6 m (Bureau of Meteorology 2000). Two sites stand out as showing evidence of tsunami. The first is located at Cape Voltaire directly west of Kalumburu. Here, waves beyond the capacity of cyclones have truncated the ends of headlands. This erosion was not controlled by bedrock lithology or structure as exemplified by the erosion into columnar basalt on the headland.
Aboriginal legends about comets and tsunami are ubiquitous throughout Australia (Peck 1938;Parker 1978; Johnson 1998). In the interior of New South Wales, the Paakantji tribe, near Wilcannia on the Darling River, tell a story about the sky falling (Jones & Donaldson 1989). A great thunderous ball of fire descended from the sky scattering molten rock of many colours. Unprecedented floods that forced people to flee to the tops of hills to escape drowning followed within a couple of days. Even though flooding fits within a scenario for a nearby comet impact into the ocean, such a story probably is modern and has incorporated elements of an older Aboriginal Dreamtime legend of the Flood. In South Australia, another legend tells of stars falling to Earth to make the circular lagoons fringing the coast.
Perhaps the most intriguing legend along the SE Coast of Australia is the story of the eastern sky falling quoted above (Peck 1938). It has several variants (Peck 1938; Massola 1968; Willey 1979; Johnson 1998).
Fossils did not go unnoticed in human societies that Victorian scholars once disdainfully labelled “brutes”, “savages” and “primitives”. With renewed vigour, today”s geomythologists explore the ideas traditional cultures harboured regarding the nature and the origin of bones and stones they encountered on the surface, embedded in rock, or anywhere else.
The American classicist, Adrienne Mayor, has documented that the first nations of the Americas, just like the Greeks and Romans, recognised that fossils were the remnants of creatures that lived in previous eras and, in many cases, did not die a natural death. Intriguingly, pre-modern fossil lore does not stop there, but often identifies the extinct life forms with a mythical race of beings that dwelled in the sky before its extermination during a cataclysmic, lightning-charged battle, or a world-engulfing fire or deluge. Though compelling parallels have been adduced, scholars have not yet documented the global extent of such ideas. One case that has so far eluded discussion in this context is the local mythology surrounding the bones found in the vicinity of Lake Eyre, in the Tirari Desert of northern South Australia. The species represented here are predominantly those of vertebrate animals associated with the Tertiary age.
Emil Kintalakadi, a member of the Tirari nation, east of Lake Eyre, ±1901