So what is Baalbek Lebanon all about? If the people of Baalbek feared Baal alias Jupiter could this sky god have driven their destiny? Both myth and legend go much further to support the malignant role of Jupiter and other planets in Mankind’s affairs. Remember Jupiter goes by many names. In ancient Phoenicia he is Baal of our Baalbek. In Israel he is Zedek. In Egypt Amon. In Iran he is Mazda. In Babylon Enlil. In India he is Shiva. In Greece the mighty Zeus king of the Gods. Jupiter in all cases is the supreme sky god. The supreme planet.
In all these cases he is blamed for hurling massive thunderbolts against the Earth and causing earthquakes. Could this of happened? Today Jupiter/Baal hurls thunderbolts at its moon Io. Thus interplanetary discharges do occur. In a near approach of Jupiter perhaps Earth too was subject to the sky god’s wrath?
The ancient Greek historian, Homer in the Odyssey, specifically blames Baal / Zeus / Jupiter for hurling thunderbolts and destroying Troy with earthquakes. Baal shattered the Earth. That is why the citizens of Baalbek feared and worshiped this Sky God. They trembled under his destruction and even offered human sacrifice to calm him.
Let me introduce you to Immanuel Velikovsky a man who caused incredible controversy in his time. In the 1950’s he wrote a book called “Worlds in Collision”, which had as its main theme the cataclysmic destruction on Earth by planets and comets in the Solar System. He believed mythology and legend should be interpreted literally.
This included the malignant forces attributed to Baal/Jupiter, father of the gods. He earned the wrath of the scientific world. Yet most of his Predictions made in 1960 were absolutely proved by NASA. Jupiter did emanate radio waves and was an electromagnetic body. The surface of Venus was 800 degrees centigrade not the same as Earth. He was right. Conventional science was badly wrong. He claimed the solar system is unstable. Both the Moon and Mars have been ravaged by celestial bodies. Part of his theory was that Venus was once a comet expelled from Jupiter.
The most prevalent religious system in the immediate Canaanite context was the worship of Baal. Amongst numerous sources we have the Old Testament and the sacred scripts of Ugarit. Baal religion revolved around the cycles of nature necessary for survival and prosperity in the ancient world, primarily growing crops or raising livestock, as well as the growth of human populations. For a variety of reasons human fertility was an important concern. Lack of fertility in times of stress was widespread. Egyptian texts support these curious phenomena.
Stress was the result of conflict and dissatisfaction between the sky Gods of the Cosmos. The Babylonian creation hymn, Enuma Elish, describes a great battle among the gods. However out of this battle between the Sky Gods order returned from chaos. The astral deities returned to their rightful place in the heavens and re-established the cycles of nature.
Human Sacrifice including child Sacrifice as worship to the God Baal at the Baalbek Temple
When we turn to mythology to help understand these calamities we find some puzzling insights. The Greek writer Homer told how the mighty sky god Zeus cast thunderbolts on the earth and tumbled the walls of Troy with his earthquakes. The inhabitants of Baalbek feared Baal. This God was their name for Zeus also known as Jupiter and Amon. Humans were sacrificed in an attempt to pacify him and prevent huge destructive earthquakes. They believed by their actions they could control and manipulate the Gods.
In the mysterious tablets of Ugarit, discovered by Claude Schaeffer, Baal is the God of rain, thunder, and extraordinary bolts of lightning. The worship of Baal extended in this region to the Jews, Canaanites and the Phoenicians. But Herodotus informs us the God was also known under many other names such as Jupiter of the Romans. Zeus of the Greeks, Mazda of the Persians and Amon of the Egyptians.
Priests instructed the people that the bright sky god Baal was responsible for droughts, plagues, earthquakes and other calamities. People were often worked up into great frenzies at the prospects of displeasing Baal. In times of great turbulence human sacrifices, particularly children, were made to this father of the gods!