Antarctica was not always so cold and remote. Geologist Molly Miller of Vanderbilt University discovered, in the Beardmore Glacier area of Antarctica, the remains of three ancient deciduous forests complete with fossils of fallen leafs scattered around the petrified tree stumps “These were not scrubby little things,” Miller said. “These were big trees.”
Unlike any trees today, Glossopteris trees lived in stands as thick as almost a thousand per acre just 20 or 25 degrees from the South Pole, latitude at which today they would have received no sunlight for half the year. This powerful evidence that when they grew the Antarctic was in a semi tropical zone. As for what they looked like, Glossopteris tapered upwards like a Christmas tree. Instead of needles, they had large, broad lance-shaped leaves that fell to the ground at the end of summer.
Miller says they lived at a time when the Antarctic climate was much warmer. Some are estimated to have attained heights of 80 feet (24.6 meters), based on their trunk diameter. Miller, Tim Cully and graduate student Nichole Knepprath came upon the three stands of the lost forests in December 2003.These trees are alive today but only grow in warm moist areas such as Queensland Australia.
The change that caused the electric fossilization of the trees probably resulted in a dramatic effect which most likely caused severe climate change . The same process would have destroyed the fossils of marsupials discovered underneath Antarctic ice.
- The age of the Antarctic ice sheet is no more than six thousand years old
- The validity of the Vostok Antarctic ice core methodology is disputed
Antarctica today is covered by an ice sheet up to 5 kilometres thick. It is the coldest place on Earth. It is amazingly the driest desert on earth with snow only falling around its wind blasted boundaries.
But it was not always so cold and remote. Geologist Molly Miller of Vanderbilt University discovered, in the Beardmore Glacier area of Antarctica, the remains of three ancient deciduous forests complete with fossils of fallen leafs scattered around the petrified tree stumps These trees are alive today but only grow in warm moist areas such as Queensland Antarctic also harbor’s bones of extinct marsupials and Dinosaurs with massive coal beds full of once flourishing flora and fauna.
You’ve never heard of Sodom and Gomorrah? These were two cities of ancient Israel that God’s wrath devastated and buried under the murky salt of today’s Dead Sea. The citizen’s indulged in gambling, drinking and sexual excess. These ancient cities of around 3000 BC were hit with fire and brimstone. In their escape the biblical Lot’s wife was fossilised and turned into a pillar of salt simply because she disobeyed her husband. With her insatiable feminine curiosity she had merely turned to view the city’s annihilation. Are you Cynical? Did this actually occur?
Well today they have actually rediscovered these lost cities under the Dead Sea. But what if I said similar destructions had occurred in Australia? What if I told you that along the Murray near Mildura lies a certain Lake Victoria where the fossilized skeletons of fifteen thousand humans lie scattered? All this happening around the time scale of the unfortunate Sodom and Gomorrah. Where is the truth?
Lake Mungo and Lake Victoria fossils and skeletons
In the high desert atop the Colorado Plateau, titanic trees haphazardly litter the ground as if scattered by giants. Some of the chunks and splinters of the forest still harbor the beetles and larvae that left their tunnels in the bark. This shattered forest scene is preserved forever not in wood, but in gleaming colored stones of agate, opal, and chalcedony. (1) In the Kansas plains a field of stony oyster shells, some as large as two feet across, lie open and lifelike, as if all “gaping”(2) in a moment of collective disorder and distress.
Other larger varieties of fossilized Kansas clams bear the imprints on their inner shells of tiny fishes that found refuge inside of them, in some ancient symbiotic agreement. In North Central Oregon, Tertiary mounds of leaves were so plentiful that early paleontologists shipped them out by the train car load. Though not fossilized, the delicate leaves left their form in colorful layers of ash; most show no sign of decay or drying or curling along the edges as one would expect of fallen leaves.
In the temperate peninsula region of Washington State, patient hunters of concretions find fossilized crabs hidden within orbs of stone. The crabs, like many trilobite fossils we all have seen, are highly detailed and in defensive positions. In western South Dakota, the skeleton of a dinosaur was discovered in 1993 having an iron concretion within its chest cavity, in the precise shape and size of its heart.
Fossilised Shark Brain
Fossils did not go unnoticed in human societies that Victorian scholars once disdainfully labelled “brutes”, “savages” and “primitives”. With renewed vigour, today”s geomythologists explore the ideas traditional cultures harboured regarding the nature and the origin of bones and stones they encountered on the surface, embedded in rock, or anywhere else.
The American classicist, Adrienne Mayor, has documented that the first nations of the Americas, just like the Greeks and Romans, recognised that fossils were the remnants of creatures that lived in previous eras and, in many cases, did not die a natural death. Intriguingly, pre-modern fossil lore does not stop there, but often identifies the extinct life forms with a mythical race of beings that dwelled in the sky before its extermination during a cataclysmic, lightning-charged battle, or a world-engulfing fire or deluge. Though compelling parallels have been adduced, scholars have not yet documented the global extent of such ideas. One case that has so far eluded discussion in this context is the local mythology surrounding the bones found in the vicinity of Lake Eyre, in the Tirari Desert of northern South Australia. The species represented here are predominantly those of vertebrate animals associated with the Tertiary age.
Emil Kintalakadi, a member of the Tirari nation, east of Lake Eyre, ±1901