You’ve never heard of Sodom and Gomorrah? These were two cities of ancient Israel that God’s wrath devastated and buried under the murky salt of today’s Dead Sea. The citizen’s indulged in gambling, drinking and sexual excess. These ancient cities of around 3000 BC were hit with fire and brimstone. In their escape the biblical Lot’s wife was fossilised and turned into a pillar of salt simply because she disobeyed her husband. With her insatiable feminine curiosity she had merely turned to view the city’s annihilation. Are you Cynical? Did this actually occur?
Well today they have actually rediscovered these lost cities under the Dead Sea. But what if I said similar destructions had occurred in Australia? What if I told you that along the Murray near Mildura lies a certain Lake Victoria where the fossilized skeletons of fifteen thousand humans lie scattered? All this happening around the time scale of the unfortunate Sodom and Gomorrah. Where is the truth?
Lake Mungo and Lake Victoria fossils and skeletons
Situated about 100 kilometers west of Sydney in an area called the Wollangambie Wilderness, is what looks like a regular meteor impact crater. Cone shaped, it is roughly 2 kilometers across with a crater in the centre. The walls are around 80 meters high. It is on the local survey maps. Many people hike into the area to see it.
But assumptions can be misleading.
An assumption is basically a best guess in relation to the facts that are available at the time.
Let’s have a look at the facts. For one it is a crater but with a channel cut thru the rampart. It is not volcanic as the cone material is only sandstone with no signs of the basalt, etc. normally associated with magma. While the cone is overgrown you can still see large and small sandstone blocks scattered everywhere.
Now it starts to get interesting.
Wollangambie Crater, Sydney, Australia
In the high desert atop the Colorado Plateau, titanic trees haphazardly litter the ground as if scattered by giants. Some of the chunks and splinters of the forest still harbor the beetles and larvae that left their tunnels in the bark. This shattered forest scene is preserved forever not in wood, but in gleaming colored stones of agate, opal, and chalcedony. (1) In the Kansas plains a field of stony oyster shells, some as large as two feet across, lie open and lifelike, as if all “gaping”(2) in a moment of collective disorder and distress.
Other larger varieties of fossilized Kansas clams bear the imprints on their inner shells of tiny fishes that found refuge inside of them, in some ancient symbiotic agreement. In North Central Oregon, Tertiary mounds of leaves were so plentiful that early paleontologists shipped them out by the train car load. Though not fossilized, the delicate leaves left their form in colorful layers of ash; most show no sign of decay or drying or curling along the edges as one would expect of fallen leaves.
In the temperate peninsula region of Washington State, patient hunters of concretions find fossilized crabs hidden within orbs of stone. The crabs, like many trilobite fossils we all have seen, are highly detailed and in defensive positions. In western South Dakota, the skeleton of a dinosaur was discovered in 1993 having an iron concretion within its chest cavity, in the precise shape and size of its heart.
Fossilised Shark Brain
Aboriginal legends about comets and tsunami are ubiquitous throughout Australia (Peck 1938;Parker 1978; Johnson 1998). In the interior of New South Wales, the Paakantji tribe, near Wilcannia on the Darling River, tell a story about the sky falling (Jones & Donaldson 1989). A great thunderous ball of fire descended from the sky scattering molten rock of many colours. Unprecedented floods that forced people to flee to the tops of hills to escape drowning followed within a couple of days. Even though flooding fits within a scenario for a nearby comet impact into the ocean, such a story probably is modern and has incorporated elements of an older Aboriginal Dreamtime legend of the Flood. In South Australia, another legend tells of stars falling to Earth to make the circular lagoons fringing the coast.
Perhaps the most intriguing legend along the SE Coast of Australia is the story of the eastern sky falling quoted above (Peck 1938). It has several variants (Peck 1938; Massola 1968; Willey 1979; Johnson 1998).
Fossils did not go unnoticed in human societies that Victorian scholars once disdainfully labelled “brutes”, “savages” and “primitives”. With renewed vigour, today”s geomythologists explore the ideas traditional cultures harboured regarding the nature and the origin of bones and stones they encountered on the surface, embedded in rock, or anywhere else.
The American classicist, Adrienne Mayor, has documented that the first nations of the Americas, just like the Greeks and Romans, recognised that fossils were the remnants of creatures that lived in previous eras and, in many cases, did not die a natural death. Intriguingly, pre-modern fossil lore does not stop there, but often identifies the extinct life forms with a mythical race of beings that dwelled in the sky before its extermination during a cataclysmic, lightning-charged battle, or a world-engulfing fire or deluge. Though compelling parallels have been adduced, scholars have not yet documented the global extent of such ideas. One case that has so far eluded discussion in this context is the local mythology surrounding the bones found in the vicinity of Lake Eyre, in the Tirari Desert of northern South Australia. The species represented here are predominantly those of vertebrate animals associated with the Tertiary age.
Emil Kintalakadi, a member of the Tirari nation, east of Lake Eyre, ±1901