Greenland – Once a Viking Paradise

The “Little Ice Age” impacted Europe with sudden and vicious results! Using its weapons, of Plague, famine and controversially earthquake, it reduced the population of Europe by around 30 – 50 percent. The virulence and death toll of the 1348 AD plague is totally unmatched by modern examples! Further the world mega famine of 1315 AD, due to both weather and pestilence, was catastrophic.

Documentation of cannibalism and infant abandonment were common. The relentless temperature drops combined with erratic weather are impossible to explain but mankind had no hand in its inception. What forces of nature caused this catastrophic scenario? Greenland is a classic example of death and abandonment. Let’s travel back in time and see what happened!

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The Wallace Line? Can Kangaroos swim?

Google a map of Australia and Indonesia! Between Indonesia’s Bali and neighbouring island Lombok is a slim ten mile sea channel! This is the start of the thousands mile long Wallace line. It is not only a dividing geological etching beneath the sea. It is also a biological division! On one side roam bouncing Kangaroos and Platypus! On the other man eating Tigers!

South is Australia. North the Philippines and India. Remarkably, this extends to both plant, fish and animal species. From sulphur crested Cockatoo on one side of the Wallace line, to Indonesian finches just across the sea channel. From fire prone Gum trees to exotic tropical rain forest Teak and Ebony. Even beneath the sea, in an area separated by a mere ten miles, this incredible separation of fish life stares you in the face! From Australasia to the Antarctic lies a unique zone of flora and fauna !

wallace line evolution of species
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Pirates, Plunder and Bushrangers Bay

This lucky country doesn’t know what it’s like to live in constant terror! But in other eras few large towns were built near the vulnerable coast for fear of murderous, ravaging, brutalised pirates. Every old coastal town had its nest of armoury and fortifications ready to defend against marauding pirates and raiders.

The forts of Port Phillip’s Point Nepean and Sydney’s North Head are fine Victorian era samples. Earlier, the Vikings were but one of a veritable horde who through the ages have raped, pillaged and destroyed whenever driven by desperate or greedy circumstance! The Vikings pitilessly raided the English, Irish and Mediterranean coastlines in search of women and plunder.

Dragut Reis raided Malta and Gozo
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The Little Ice Age – Aurorara, Coronal Mass Ejections and ice cores – part 4

THE LITTLE ICE AGE 1280-1850 AD – GISP2 volcanic markers, Isotopic Oxygen 16, Paleoclimate,, sunspot observations, Magnetosphere, NASA, severe sea floods, Ian Plimer, Summit Greenland Ice core studies, McKirrick and McIntyre, Mann hockey stick, Claude Schaeffer, Mike Baillie, The Ion effect, Harvey Weiss, Peterson ocean core studies, Sequoia dendritic rings, uniformitarianism, Georges Cuvier.

Europe generally during the Little Ice Age

As further proof of the severity of the weather in this region during the Little Ice Age it is important to study the record of severe storms (see Plate 8). Similarly the advance of glaciers is important as an indicator of the severity and coldness of the weather over a sustained, if erratic, period. Various tax records show glaciers over the years destroying whole towns caught in their path. A few major advances, as noted by Ladurie(1) appear below:

  • 1595: Gietroz (Switzerland) glacier advances, dammed Dranse River, and caused flooding of Bagne with 70 deaths.
  • 1600-10: Advances by Chamonix (France) glaciers because massive floods which destroyed three villages and severely damaged a fourth. One village had stood since the 1200’s.
  • 1670-80’s: Maximum historical advances by glaciers in eastern Alps. Noticeable decline of human population by this time in areas close to glaciers, whereas population elsewhere in Europe had risen.
  • 1695-1709: Iceland glaciers advance dramatically, destroying farms.
  • 1710-1735: A glacier in Norway was advancing at a rate of 100 m per year for 25 years.
  • 1748-50: Norwegian glaciers achieved their historical maximum LIA positions.

Further to this we must include anecdotal but legitimate evidence regarding ice formation throughout. An example is the world phenomena of Ice Fares such as the ones on the Thames that only ended in 1815(2).

Little Ice Age  Aurorara Coronal Mass Ejections
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Little Ice Age and the erratic climate changes – part 3

THE LITTLE ICE AGE 1280-1850 A.D. – The Roman Warming, The Medieval Maximum, The Dark Ages, Viking settlement, Thorvald Asvaldsson of Jaederen, Eric Asvaldsson, Black sea freezing, Ian Plimer, Greenland Vikings, Iceland Vikings, The Little Ice Age, Ladune, Bardsson, Glaciation, Gunbiernershier, Newfoundland, Groves, Snefelsness in Iceland, lichen, sunspot cycle.

Let us examine what many authors have concluded about this interesting period. To begin with there is certainly no consensus over its beginning and end nor the extent of the various periods. However there seems some consensus that the Maunder minimum was the worst of the four proposed periods.

Initially, I will give a synopsis about what many authors have concluded about the dramatic weather changes of the last two thousand years and the fluctuating weather patterns that at some stages have bought human prosperity and at other times drought, reduction in population, race movements and not least, abandonment.

Firstly however let us look at a graph that a conglomeration of Ice core studies from Camp David, GISP and Antarctica tend to summarize over the last 100,000 years (see Plate 1: GISP 2 and Plate 2: SUMMIT).These are based on oxygen 18 studies (that theoretically show annual precipitation rates, ash fallout from Volcanoes and various other Isotopes that express cosmic ray activity (from the sun) and ion concentrations from other elements. My purpose in this is to show the incredibly fluctuating weather of this vast period.
solar cycle 24 sunspot number prediction little ice age
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Little Ice Age, the IPCC and scientists’ objections – part 2

Rationalistic viewpoints of the IPCC, Ivar Giaever, Kiminori Itoh, Dr Arun D Ahluwalia, Victor Manuel Velasco Herrera, Geoffrey G Duffy, Dr David Gee, Hajo Smit, James A Peden, Professor Delgado Domingos, Dr Takeda Kunihiko, Dr Eduardo Tonni, Professor Ian Plimer, USSenate Committee on climate change.

The skewed results of the IPCC

I have become aware, since starting this project, of factors mediating scientific rigor. This factor is the extremely polarized viewpoints on the so called ‘global warming’ debate. I suspect the vast majority of people are persuaded that global warming (if it indeed is still persisting and this is against the facts conclusion) is due to human causes (or at least partially so). This is due largely to the work of a body of scientists calling themselves paleo climatologists. They have become a very powerful director of governmental and public opinion.

It is important that as you read my submission you understand that a vast body of climatologists and other related scientists doubt not only their veracity but lately their integrity. To this end I will be attaching a note on the objection of 650 international scientists, of undoubted credibility, who object to what I would label global warming dogma.

I see these highly credible scientists as essential to combat the seemingly rationalistic viewpoints of the IPCC

Mann hockey stick graph little ice age
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Little Ice Age – Mega Famines – part 1

The Little Ice Age 1280-1850 AD – The Wolf, Sporer, Maunder and Dalton minima’s(1), Paleo climatologists, Little Ice Age , Medieval Maximum, Roman cooling, Dark Ages, frozen English channel, plague 1347 AD, Ion Effect, Sunspot climate control, Isotopic oxygen 16, Greenland, Iceland, Baker sunspots.

Although the period of the “Little Ice Age” is a scientific reconstruction it covers a period when there was a significant down turn in climate, compared to the present era. These are classified into four periods when the climate deteriorated significantly. This deterioration was not only cooler and wetter on average but vastly more erratic and these are prime ingredients for famine. These erratic periods were the Wolf, Sporer, Maunder and Dalton minima’s(2) respectively.

They followed a period known as the “Medieval maximum” which some contend was warmer than the present period(3). This earlier warm time was generally a period of expansion and prosperity for civilizations(4).

little ice age mega famines
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Sacrifice, Delusion and Climate Change

Can humanity change Earth’s environment? Or, are we too small?

In ancient Carthage children were sacrificed to appease the gods. The Carthaginians thought that their actions could control the gods of thunder, drought, earthquakes and volcanoes.

Our modern god, science, is imbued with powers that humans believe can make us masters of our planet. Is this a mere childish arrogance similar to the Carthaginians, or do we possess the power to control or modify Earth’s environment?

climate change sacrifice delusion
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